Have you heard of fanboys? I did a quick Google search and the first definition that comes up is this:
A male fan, especially one who is obsessive about comics, music, film, or science fiction.
But today, I’m going to talk about FANBOYS in grammar, and this usually refers to the seven coordinating conjunctions: For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet and So.
A coordinating conjunction is a word that links two ideas in one sentence. Below, I’ll briefly explain each of the seven coordinating conjunctions for you. I’ve also included some inspirational quotes as examples (because it’s Thursday and you might need some motivation to get your work done before the weekend).
For – shows reason and purpose (sometimes “because” can be used instead).
When you use “for” to connect two ideas in a sentence, it usually means “because”.
- Siti is spending the holidays in Indonesia, for her parents are working there.
- Ahmad cooks dinner every night, for he wants to save money.
When you use “for” in a sentence like this, it may sound unnatural and a bit formal in spoken English. It’s best to use “because” or “since” in speaking.
And – connects two or more ideas.
“And” is used to connect two or more items in a sentence. It can also be used to connect a series of events.
- “The ideals which have lighted my way, and time after time have given me new courage to face life cheerfully, have been kindness, beauty and truth.” – Albert Einstein
Nor – shows a non-contrasting, negative idea.
“Nor” is usually found with the word “not” (this includes “don’t” which is a contraction of “do not”) or “neither”. It connects two negative items in one sentence.
- She didn’t reply my WhatsApp messages, nor did she respond to any of my emails.
- “Success is neither magical nor mysterious. Success is the natural consequence of consistently applying the basic fundamentals.” – Jim Rohn
But – shows contrast or exception.
“But” is used to join two items that contradict each other.
- Every day may not be good a day, but there is good in every day.
- “God gives every bird his worm, but God does not throw it into the nest.” – Swedish proverb
- “He who gains victory over other men is strong, but he who gains a victory over himself is all-powerful.” – Lao-Tse
Or – shows choice or option.
“Or” can be used to present two or more options and is often used in a sentence after the word “either”.
- “In life you need either inspiration or desperation.” – Anthony Robbins
- Do you prefer coffee or tea with your dessert?
- You can come with me to the library, or you can stay home until I get back.
Yet – shows contrast or exception.
- He can be funny yet stern at the same time.
- I got a new camera, yet the pictures I take are still blurry.
- “Be humble in your confidence yet courageous in your character.” – Melanie Koulouris
So – shows consequence.
As a conjunction, “so” shows the effect of something that is stated earlier in the sentence.
- “Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life.” – Steve Jobs
- It’s the school holidays, so there are less cars on the road during the peak hours.
- The exams are over, so now we just need to wait for the results.
So there you have it. Coordinating conjunctions, or FANBOYS, that you can use in your sentences to join ideas together. Leave us a comment below if you have any more examples that use FANBOYS and we’ll talk to you again next week!
I hope this has been helpful!