What is the Past Participle?

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What is the past participle form and why is it so confusing?

Sometimes learners forget to use the past participle form of a verb because they only remember the simple form or the past simple form of a verb.

As a result, they make mistakes such as the following:

  1. I have complete the project already. ❌
    completed ✅

  2. The invitations were send to all the VIPs. ❌
    sent ✅

  3. Have you submit your work? ❌
    submitted ✅

  4. Your laptop seems damage beyond repair. ❌
    damaged ✅

  5. I have tell him the bad news and he seemed upset. ❌
    told ✅

You can also listen to this episode on SpotifyApple Podcasts or Google Podcasts.

The past participle form of a verb (also known as Verb 3) does exist and it can be used in three ways:

  1. To create a perfect tense (has/have/had +  the past participle):


    Rapunzel had broken the world record for the longest hair braid.

    Usain Bolt has broken the world record for the 100 metres.

  2. To create a passive voice (form of be + past participle):


    The 100 metres world record
    has been broken by Usain Bolt.

    The house was built in the 19th century.

  3. As an adjective (to describe the subject):


    The
    broken glass. 


The past participle form is definitely worth mastering because it will help you write better and correct mistakes in your writing.

When improving your pronunciation, you need to pay attention to the “ed” sound so that you say “finished” as “finisht,” not “finishhh,” or “stopped” as “stopt,” not “stopp.”

To learn more about the past participle and explore examples and quizzes, watch the episode above!

Until our next lesson!

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